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Appendix
 

  

Knowledge around seasonal variability would be extremely helpful to both the interpretation of passive seismic 
and active seismic measurements. Accordingly, a repeated survey (once summer, once winter) to get information 
on the change of shear wave velocity with temperature change should be performed.  4C active seismic monitoring 
is a standard method for plume monitoring. How this system will work in the High Arctic permafrost realm remains 
questionable, with the very high seasonal changes in top-layer stability and thereby velocity profile challenging re-
peatability of surveys. 

Preliminary financial plan (ca. MNOK):

The research in the Longyearbyen CO2 Lab will be funded by associated projects. For instance, a planned new FME on 
CCS starting in 2017 will use Longyearbyen as a test site, covering man-hours into research using the datasets gen-
erated. Consequently, research by UNIS in partnership with Norwegian and international universities will be sought 
covered by other projects.

The Longyearbyen CO2 Lab project proposed here is budgeting for planning of operations, undertaking operations, 
maintenance of infrastructure, and basic data acquisition. All this activity will be handled by the UNIS CO2 Lab AS. An 
estimated budget for operations and geophysical acquisitions will be in range of MNOK 20-25. One or more new well, 
meeting required standards for CO2 injection, and well-instrumentation, come in addition.

Appendix

The team are finalising several scientific papers

- To be published early 2016

In preparation are 5 papers on facies, reservoir description, sequence stratigraphy including new biostratigraphic 
data. The articles will be based data from the CO2 wells and nearby outcrops. They have following working titles. 

1.       The Carnian to Early Norian De Geerdalen Formation
2.       The Norian to Bajocian Knorringfjellet Formation
3.       The Bathonian to Valanginian Agardhfjellet Formation
4.       The Valanginian to Aptian succession  in western central part of Spitsbergen 
5.       The Holocene deposition/Permafrost in Adventdalen

Further planned papers are a) geochemistry of migrated hydrocarbons and potential source rocks, b) fluid flow tests 
and c) pressure.